Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK) broadcast live on the tsunami. Aerial helicopter shots, the tsunami waves toward the ground, shocking images of people almost forget that this is a news program files.
earthquakes, tsunamis, nuclear leakage crisis after another. Then if you are an ordinary Japanese people, as long as you lock the television NHK, open the Yahoo Japan and Twitter pages, variety of information on destruction, death, rescue, and crisis information apology will quickly flood your coerced them. Of course, the all-pervasive in broadcasting, newspapers can not be ignored.
However, contrary to many expectations, the face of the disaster shocked the Japanese media was particularly calm: no tears, no life to death, no background music.
that the Japanese media in it? Why are they invariably choose the style of such a report?
sad without injury
“I’ve never seen on television in Japan, what ‘moving’ pictures.” Capsaicin columnist living in Japan, wrote in a blog, “I been reported only see how many people need aid, but also increased the number of deaths, expert analysis and official spokesman for the speech, there will be occasional TV interview victims of the lens, but mostly sit shelter asylum seekers, they Most say is: we need water, need food, need to quickly get the information around … … “
Although initially a disaster occurs, can be found occasionally in front of reporters and anchors the sound slightly some trembling, but cruel death, or excessive drooling cries tears, fainting from not present. “This style makes the audience is not large, emotional volatility, more fear and escape, together with information is timely and transparent, people can quickly be stable.” A long working life of the media in Japan, Chen stated.
even the Tokyo Electric Power Company staff to work overtime by the nuclear radiation damage, “Asahi Shimbun” has not reported its “heroic devotion,” but expressed concern about their health, citing the Health Ministry ordered the company to turn over the floor.
this reporting style is not a natural formation. Great Hanshin Earthquake of 1995 reports, the Japanese media, “a lot of twisted broken aerial highway, residential area a sea of fire, disaster film images to a large extent the brutal general freeze disaster for people to remember.” Japanese experts Ning Liu told the Southern Weekend reporter, “and relief scenes of ordinary, basic information on hand, ignored the disaster so that after the media ethics were a large number of Japanese nationals has been criticized offensive, I think the media in Japan after the earthquake How many lessons learned before. “
today’s media coverage, even if the relatives of the victims interviewed, is rarely photographed faces, many of the children surveyed is only exposed back or shoes. “We now pay more attention to, and not violations of basic human rights of the respondents.” Kyodo news agency reporters in Beijing, the British pair of salt and the Southern Weekend reporter that “if too many victims to be interviewed, there have been a microphone in his front, he is likely to be another injury. After all, the way victims are unsightly. “
” just rescued a little girl, tattered clothes, was also carried that it is, there is the camera to film her in front of the microphone on her, let her say? she had to say thanks so and so it. “salt is the British one said.
As for the Japanese people after the disaster showed the orderly and calm, in the Japanese media reports are basically passing.
Japanese nationalists gathered in the site 2nn. Jp translation of an article entitled “Global Times” reported that “the magnitude hit record in Japan, the Japanese make the world a cool deal with emotion.” However, most Japanese users show puzzled, “Is not this common sense it?” It was a message, and still others simply said: “The Japanese etiquette etiquette? This is only the practice of Confucian theory only.” British Salt is a
said that with the deepening disaster relief process, it may also appear on the TV screen a little sensational, “but the news certainly will not add background music to impress people, which is unimaginable in Japan.”
“no time to curse”
3 11, the day the earthquake happened, the morning of the basic layout of major Japanese media criticism of Naoto Kan in political donations scandal. Naoto Kan, was traced to people receiving 1.04 million yen in political donations Japan and South Korea, which previously Maehara Foreign Minister has just resigned for similar reasons. Continuous support for the original lower Kan is facing enormous political credit storm.
but after the earthquake, all the Japanese media, including the left wing of the different factions to immediately lay down their Naoto Kan, the Cabinet of political responsibility to recover, to report the earthquake disaster.
“After the earthquake, we have a tacit understanding like atmosphere, maybe because we do not have time to curse, you must first deal with the earthquake.” Salt is the British one said, “Now the media is mainly to support the Government , but over time will reflect on Naoto Kan, the Cabinet relief treatment is properly held accountable. “
Japanese Prime Minister’s official residence Headquarters for the establishment of a relief, as the Minister of the Prime Minister Naoto Kan. “The media are often aligned Naoto Kan and Chief Cabinet Secretary sticks wild Yukio, waiting for the government news release, this is because at this time Naoto Kan is a disaster countermeasures headquarters of the highest responsible.” Liu Ning said, “other officials have basically maintained a considerable restraint, there is no speculation, this is the performance of their care reputation. “
but with the escalating nuclear leakage, Naoto Kan, the Cabinet of the accused gradually appear. March 15’s “Asahi Shimbun” published an article, despite the reported Kan “Threatened we will not retreat,” the determination, or bluntly pointed out that “nuclear accident increase, the corresponding lack of power shortage crisis management capabilities revealed “,” information provided by relevant departments to grasp the situation and the situation remains chaotic. “
of course, first of all the media more or targeting Tokyo Electric Power Company. Professor Ye Qianrong Tunghai University Chinese recorded in the micro-Bo, vice president of Tokyo Electric Power Co. and other six cadres vines bow apologize filial scene:
reporters pressed sternly: “Three units will heap heart melt? ! “Fujimoto replied:” It is not clear. “reporter shouted:” understand you had! in the end will not! not ambiguous words! “he replied:” The situation is serious. “
As Disaster in the common enterprise and individual donations, the Japanese media are not always reported. NHK reporter in Beijing, told the Southern Weekend reporter in Beichuan smoked, never see in Japan, says the entrepreneurs to take the make donation amount to appear in front of the camera scene. “We will not do a similar ceremony.” Smoked Kitagawa said, “If they really just want to donate, then donate money secretly to achieve the same purpose; if they think that the role of advertising, or can be hung on the message on its Web site, or you can buy advertising space in newspapers published – advertising practices is the best use of advertising space. “” In this post-disaster emergency report, the National is we need the information reported. “Smoked Beichuan further pointed out that, “NHK public television rather than on national television, that is, we consider the most is people, people are most afraid of is losing.”
fact, NHK not only serve the Japanese. The first time after the earthquake, NHK will use 5 including Chinese language broadcast disaster report to prompt evacuation of foreigners in Japan information.
71 页 disaster report
felt just slightly, the natural reaction of many Japanese is turn on the TV or radio – usually within 30 seconds, the earthquake quick report can also be tell people where the earthquake; then about 2 minutes, more detailed report will disclose the specific source, magnitude, distance from the surface and the destruction of the affected areas and so on.
Chen made the media told the Southern Weekend reporter, broadcasting in Japan is also responsible for disaster reporting huge function. “Rescue package in addition to water, flashlights, cookies, candy, the most important thing is the radio. Radio batteries often to maintain dozens of hours, the trapped victims can listen uninterrupted disaster information, to avoid further disaster, know in advance Rescue teams of the road. “Chen stated.
In addition, the online media after the earthquake played a huge new role. Google immediately after the earthquake to provide shelter around the map, and quickly set up tracing and reported safety page. Government departments have also published information using the Internet: the Prime Minister’s residence on the opening pages of “Northeast Local Pacific seismic response” column, published online ministry around the fire station and fire department to collect aggregate disaster, transport ministry announced up to 71 online disaster report, disaster Fire Department and even set up dedicated to it, and stands ready to provide disaster information exchange.
more public figures and even ordinary users make use of micro-blog, blog or social networking sites publish a large number of disaster information. Rank of the Japanese pop Ayumi Hamasaki days after the earthquake within 14 hours were 143 micro-Bo, with Japanese, Chinese, English, French and other languages live earthquake relief introduced.
slightly delayed because of information, “Yomiuri Shimbun”, “Asahi Shimbun” and other ultra-million circulation newspaper more and more with new media in making the behind, but with the earthquake reported in-depth, valid information to accumulate, the establishment of the comprehensive report based on the fact that more and show confidence. Kyodo News only about 140 journalists to earthquake coverage.
Japanese government reports on foreign journalists who are also encouraging attitude. According to the Southern Weekend report, as of March 15, the Japanese Embassy had issued visas to more than 60 interviews with Chinese journalists to visit Japan, and all of the visas are issued through a special simplified procedures are basically the same day the day of application to receive .
“Faced with such a large-scale disaster, reported that more needs to integrate the power, cost, a lot of manpower to be able to.” Salt is the British one, “we can make the best of news.” Of the : Southern Weekend reporter intern Chang Cheng Li